Ukrainian crisis: Joe Biden assures Vladimir Putin that the United States will respond “resolutely” to any invasion

US President Joe Biden pleaded Thursday (November 30) for de-escalation in Ukraine during a telephone interview with his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, believing that this was the only way to obtain progress towards a way out of the crisis, reported the White House.

Joe Biden made it clear to Vladimir Putin that the United States and its allies would react firmly if Russia were to decide to further invade Ukraine, the US presidency said in a statement following the meeting. , which lasted fifty minutes. Washington will respond to “Resolute way” to any Russian invasion of Ukraine, Joe Biden told Vladimir Putin.

For his part, Vladimir Putin, who said to himself ” satisfied “ of this interview, warned the US president in the event of massive sanctions against Moscow in the Ukrainian case. It would be a “Colossal error”, the Kremlin said. The discussion was « franche » and ” concrete “Kremlin diplomatic adviser Yuri Ushakov told reporters.

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The two leaders were meeting for the second time this month, amid heightened tensions between Washington and Moscow over the massive deployment of Russian troops on the border with Ukraine. Russia denies threatening its neighbor, although it has already annexed part of the territory, Crimea, in 2014, and claims to have to protect itself against the hostility of Westerners who support Kiev, especially in its conflict with pro-Russian separatists. The latter, despite Russian denials, are widely considered to be under the orders of the Kremlin.

Talks in Geneva on January 10

During his exchange with Joe Biden, Vladimir Putin demanded “Results” on his requests for “Guarantees” security: the negotiation of two treaties redefining the security balance and architecture of Europe which will soon be discussed during Russian-American talks on January 10 in Geneva.

For the Kremlin, Russia’s security means banning any expansion of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and ending Western military activities near Russian borders, an area that Moscow considers relevant. of its area of ​​influence.

According to the Russians, these demands are the only ones capable of containing the escalation of tensions: Russia considers the support of the United States, NATO and the European Union to Ukraine as a direct threat to its security and his interests.

The United States, accused of leading certain international issues without too much regard for its allies, insist on close coordination with the Europeans and the Ukrainians.

The head of American diplomacy, Antony Blinken, also took care to meet Wednesday with the Ukrainian President, Volodymyr Zelensky, on the one hand, and his French, German and British counterparts, on the other. The Ukrainian president said he received the assurance of a “Full American support” for “Counter a Russian attack”.

In his first New Year’s address as German Chancellor, Olaf Scholz, for his part, supported Ukraine on Friday, insisting on “Inviolability” European borders.

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Threats of sanctions

In a previous telephone interview in early December between Joe Biden and Vladimir Putin, the US president threatened his Russian counterpart with sanctions “As he has never seen” in the event of an attack on Ukraine. Westerners have so far ruled out a military response to a possible Russian invasion.

According to a Kremlin statement released after the new call, Joe Biden stressed that Washington would not deploy “Offensive weapons” in Ukraine. The White House minimized these comments, assuring that it was only a simple confirmation of the current policy. “It was not a new engagement”, swept to AFP an American official.

Russia and its elite are already the subject of multiple economic reprisals because of the Ukrainian case and the repression in the country, but none of these measures have changed the Kremlin’s line.

A sign that the talks of January 10 in Geneva on Ukraine but also strategic stability will be bitter, the head of Russian diplomacy, Sergey Lavrov, has ruled out any « concession ». The United States had previously warned that some Russian requests were “Unacceptable”.

These discussions, led by the US Deputy Secretary of State, Wendy Sherman, and her Russian counterpart, Sergei Riabkov, will be followed, on January 12, by a Russia-NATO meeting, then, on January 13, by a meeting. within the framework of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).

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The World with AFP

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Ukrainian crisis: Joe Biden assures Vladimir Putin that the United States will respond “resolutely” to any invasion

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