Imagine that you are given the possibility of building a virtual world, made up of multiple three-dimensional spaces, with your own specifications, to inhabit it socially, under the figure of an avatar just like you. That is, to have social relations with other avatars of your friends or your partners or your colleagues, without leaving your home, without having to get out of bed, get dressed or go out. That is the metaverse, which everything indicates is going to be the way humans will communicate in the future, or transhumans to be more exact.

It is not science fiction, although science fiction has been a powerful inspiration for that development. The movie Avatar by James Cameron released in 2009, shows in the most fantastic way possible, and therefore unreal, the story of an invalid soldier on a distant planet whose mind is transported to an avatar in the form of a hominid, slender, graceful body, impossible movements and superior intelligence, equal to the inhabitants of that planet. A form of release from your physical ties.

The very name of metaverse, which means beyond the universe, originates from the fictional book Snow Crash by Neal Sthepenson. Meta is the new name of Facebook, introduced in society by its creator Mark Zuckerberg, with an augmented reality video. It is so to speak a qualitative leap from the internet, something as radically different as the invention of the movable type printing compared to handwritten books.

To be part of the metaverse, several things are required: a high educational level that allows understanding the technical processes, a high income to buy them, and always being involved in a computer culture, which is like a new world with a new language. In this virtual world nothing is free. The things you want, the dream house, the ideal landscape, the works of art, the clothes to dress your avatar, you have to buy them with NFT, non-expendable, unique, transferable and scarce tokens, which are paid with a virtual wallet. And that world already exists. Do me a favor!

For many of those who were born before the invention of cell phones and the internet, metaverse can be an alienating world where all the values ​​of presence and human contact are lost.

For those who were born connected, it is a logical step in the development of processes that they consider incipient, a new world that is being born.

Is it a form of liberation or is it the apotheosis of the alienation of the human being by the consumer society? There are two ways of looking at the matter.

The first since Marxism, which is still useful for many things:
Karl Marx, who sounds a bit anachronistic to be cited in this context, defined alienation as the process by which the individual becomes someone alien to himself, alienated by having lost his identity through the appropriation by capital of the surplus value generated by their work; Does the metaverse turn man into an avatar, into someone alien who is not him, but resembles him, into an alien?

The second from humanism: Could it be that the unthinkable development of technique is a powerful instrument to build the transhuman man, a mixture of human and robot, of flesh and avatar, the superman that political philosophers dream of as an inevitable reality? ? You choose.

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